The Priesthood Is Not Levitical
by Kluane Spake
In this incredible new day of the church, we have an opportunity to re-examine why we have held on to certain old paradigms.
The one we're looking at right now is - why do we continue to have Levitical type church structures? Why do we continue to have Levitical style worship?
The answer is basically because archaic ideas have passed down from
generations. Many complex factors restructured early Christian church thought. After about 300 BC, the religious world was filled with errors and oppression. The earliest Church Fathers taught that Jesus chose only the original
twelve apostles to function as "PRIESTS."
Of course, this was NOT the case. The Levitical priesthood was in no way extended into the beginning of the church era.
But because of these exclusionary decisions of these
influential leaders, most of the world found themselves once again outsiders unable to obtain the intended and precious New Testament reality of leadership.
Now finally, most of us realize we hold a universal priesthood...
but it has been rather ineffective because we assumed that it was a Levitical priesthood!
The assumption that the "Levitical priesthood" is the fundamental typology for leadership in the church and in our home is totally
The whole hierarchical structure of "priesthood" including the presumed supremacy (the separation of clergy and laity), and the institution of endless routines of services, worship, and vestments -- all stem
from later influences of the Church Fathers.
To discuss this concept further, we need to look at the reason for the Levitical priesthood. As we know, Israel's Levitical priests performed ritualistic rites on behalf of the
people. The Levitical priesthood (also that of Eli and Zadok) was based on heredity. They officiated at the altar of the Tabernacle, giving burnt offerings and rituals sacrifice in the Holy place. The priests killed animals,
ceremonially offering them on the temple altar to God to atone for the sins of the people. These imperfect sacrifices were given in order to bring sinful people back into communion with a Holy God. Priests were the mediators and
the only interpreters of the God's Law.
Qualifications to be a Levitical priest.
Only men could be priests. But, not all men could be priests! He had to be from the tribe of Levi, between the age of 25 and 50.
He could not be blind, defected, hunchbacked or a dwarf. Injuries would make him not eligible. A skin disease or crushed private parts disqualified him to serve (Lev. 21:17- 24).
These priests must be married to a virgin --
one who was never a prostitute, nor divorced, widowed, nor raped. Every individual sexual act with his wife rendered the priest "unclean" and disqualified him temporarily from service. These priests, who were chosen because they
appeared to be perfect physical specimens, usually failed miserably! Often they were wicked (1 Sam. 2:22-25, 4:11), didn't seek after the Lord (2:8), didn't rule with God's authority (5:30-31), and dealt falsely with people (6:13).
When Israel finally built a permanent dwelling for Yahweh at the Temple in Jerusalem, the priest's job was basically ritual offering and sacrifices. Meanwhile,the prophets became the proclaimers of God's message to the
people. When the temple was destroyed in 586 BC, the Hebrews were taken to Babylon. There, the Priest could not be utilized because there was no temple and therefore all sacrifices ceased.
As the function of the Levitical
Priests stopped, the prophets roamed the land ushering God's directive concerning social, moral, and political actions.
Suddenly, after the time of Malachi, the prophets were temporarily silenced. The
world had no recorded voice of God for 400 years, until Gabriel announced the birth of John the Baptist, who would proclaim, "Prepare the Way!"
During that 400-year silence, the scribe became the expounder of the Torah and
he provided the knowledge of the Law. The itinerant scribe or sage was the norm. He was called the "Rabbi" or master and teacher. The sage continued to function in Jewish society during the first century and he trained students and
taught the masses. Perhaps thousands of rabbis circulated in the most remote parts of the country. They rarely took money for teaching the Torah, and they often practiced trades to support themselves.
Herod the Great, 18 BC
(whose very name meant "Trembling") restored the temple and restored the Levitical priestly ritual and animal sacrifice. Once again the high priest emerged. The powerful president of the Jewish council was called the Sanhedrin;
they had oversight of the temple.
Into this structure, Jesus appeared and the Church began.
The New Testament church didn't pattern itself after the Jewish temple. Jesus never taught believers to be Levitical
priests. Instead, Jesus taught these leaders to be servants. The disciples were cautioned not to be called rabbi or teacher (Mt.23:8-11). Christ, THE high priest (Heb. 3:1, 7:24), brought an end to daily animal sacrifice; for He
completed the sacrifice. The Aaronic (Levitical) priesthood was no longer needed.
How the Levitical notion returned:
At the start of the fourth century, Constantine led a military forced conversion. Once
again, he pushed the priesthood concept forward. Ultimately, Constantine spearheaded the Nicene council (325) where the priest became the dominant power in civil and social government and received official status. During this era,
the image of the Catholic priest progressed from being the victim of Roman executioners, into being the most powerful and prosperous force in society. It was at this time that the clergy were set apart from the congregation.
Because of the forced conversion of Western Europe during the Middle Ages, everyone called themselves a "Christian." At this point, being a Christian meant that they were baptized and belonged to a parish where all religious,
economic and political matters were handled. Because the male clergy were the only ones who could read and write, all the statistics concerning census and records of events were kept (by men) at the parish.
ordered to avoid "impure" female company. The rise of monasticism brought about a tradition of celibacy for clergy. This all-male priesthood was assigned power superseding moral law, civil law, and human choice. As the centuries
passed, this all-male priesthood self-perpetuated. Soon, the mysterious sacramental Body of Christ became an all male-governed group.
There was no possibility of challenge the priesthood from within this organized structure of carefully selected priests.
The Levitical priesthood system demonstrates the futility of human effort. It
was not the pattern for New Testament church leadership.
1. If we use the Old Testament male priesthood model for the modern church pattern for today, then no Gentile, no handicapped man, single man, dwarf, nor most Jewish
men could qualify.
2. The Old Testament idea of the priest being the mediator between God and man was only necessary until the death of Jesus Christ. Now, Christ, our High Priest has the ministry of mediation (Heb. 7:25)
and He gives us all the right to be priests after His nature.
3. The work of the Old Testament priest was finished when Christ fulfilled the law and "Entered the most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having
obtained eternal redemption" (Heb. 9:12).
4. God no longer accepted sacrifices of bulls and goats. New Testament believers were all priests who only offered the sacrifice of praise, with the fruit of their lips giving
thanks -- the only sufficient sacrifice. Offering praise to God becomes our spiritual (not sacramental) sacrifice. Jesus remains as our only "High Priest," the perfect sacrifice that never needs to be repeated.
5. The concept of New Testament Levitical priests is unscriptural.
6. Jesus never appointed or designated His apostles to return to the OLD priesthood type of function. Jesus brought forth a brand new priesthood -- of
believers. Jesus instituted a kingdom of priests all tribes and people, and every believer. Jesus was a priest after the order of Melchezedek. He gave that priesthood to all of us.
Levitical priest system, there were only Israelite men - - no Gentiles, no blue eyed people,no Samaritans, no blond haired men, no soldiers, no slaves, and no women.
Jesus did not intend for his apostleship to be elite or
haughty. It was not distinguished by racial similarity or gender. In fact, many of my books discuss how women were known in early church history as "apostles." Apostleship selection was NOT based on hereditary, nor
determined by race. Jesus chose the ones that were supposed to be chosen.
God clearly chose leaders according to character and ability.
We must stress again that the leadership definition of the early church varied
from one location to another. The criterion was not uniformity, but rather, obtaining the best leadership needed to meet the needs of each locality.
Much of what is traditionally taught today is not the INTENTION of the
Scriptures. Jesus clearly moved us to another Priesthood. His was the order of Melchezedek. While the Levitical priesthood is determined by birth, ALL BELIEVERS qualify for the Melchezedek by our new-birth. The Melchezedek
priesthood was on earth before the Levitical system.
We must transition our priesthood. We must change out of the old order of Levitical worship, and rethink our position IN CHRIST. It's time to change our methodology of
leadership. It is time at last to move into the expectation of the phenomenal blessing of this new order.
It is the POWER of the ENDLESS
All creation rejoices at the appearance of SONS. We are God's representatives on earth -- we are to be the ("technon
" grown-up) sons of God. For too long now, we have been sons... but not grown-up and mature.
Many statistics say that 87% of the church is disfunctional. It is extremely alarming to consider the loss of confidence and
lack of realizing who we are IN CHRIST. We have not accessed our inheritance. And this is because our behavior is based on our belief system. Who are we? Who are you? What prevents us from greater influence?
Now is the hour
when the Lord brings believers into maturity. Grown up sons are capable of walking in a NEW PRIESTHOOD in order to achieve His purposes on earth.
We're not talking about the popular teaching where clerical people are called
"priests" and working believers are "kings." NO. The correct intrepretation is for you and me to realize that we are created to be BOTH kings and priests at the same time (Ex. 19:5-6).
Whether we work at a secular job or work in church, our ministry is that of a royal priest.
No longer can we accept the assignment of being babies in Christ... nor are we average and common. We are "peculiar"
people created to be a royal priesthood.
Heb 7:1-2 For this Melchezedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2 to whom also Abraham gave a tenth
part of all, first being translated "king of RIGHTEOUSNESS," and then also king of Salem, meaning "king of PEACE."
Long before the Levitical priesthood was established, Melchezedek came upon the scene.
Melchezedek was the first designated Kβhan
which is a "priest." God Himself called him to the office, according to Heb 5:1-4; Ps 110:4. "Kβhan" = "to mediate, officiate, execute the office,. principal officer."
Abraham recognized him to be a priest, tithed to him, and took communion from him.
MELCHEZEDEK was a priest and he was also the KING of "tseddeq" which means Righteousness.
Hebrew words are built upon story
or pictures. While the Greek language embraces abstract concepts, Hebrew words are rooted in the real meanings of real life. Kings have a domain. Melchezedek was king of the domain of righteousness. TSEDEQ = means:
RIGHT INTERNAL ALIGNMENT WITH GOD'S NATURE AND HIS TRUTH
God's ways RIGHT LIVING, BEING MORALLY RIGHT, RIGHTWISENESS, EQUITY, HEALTH, bounty, true BALANCE and PROSPERITY
Living in a world of balance that maintains a
right relationships among all things in the created order of things.
Tsedeq, comes from a Semitic word which means to be straight, firm, steel-like, as opposed to evil, To be just is to act according to one's inner
being, having integrity of character. The Arabic equivalent is to be MATURE.
He was also KING over the domain of PEACE. Peace isn't just an absence from anxiety. It is the word "shalom" which means WHOLENESS or
LIVING LIFE IN BALANCE with God's purposes. (See my book "Connecting" for a complete explaination of shalom.)
The STRENTH and power of the MELCHEZEDEK priesthood comes from reigning IN RIGHTEOUSNESS and PEACE.
The Melchzedek Priesthood has always been God's creational INTENTION for His people -- living life with a dominion rule of internal alignmnet to truth in wholeness and balance. This is the domain of our kingdom. RIGHTEOUS and
This priesthood/kingship TRUTH was replaced by the legalistic Levitical system at the time of Moses. Jesus is waiting in the heavenlies until the resoration of all things -- He's waiting for us to come into His
priesthood rule and domain over righteousness and peace.
It is not a priesthood of things to DO. It is not a priesthood with drudgery and routine.
Heb. 6:16 (Jesus) "Who has come, not according to the law of a
fleshly commandment, but according to the power of an ENDLESS indissoluble life (perpetuity or eternal life).
His is the power of an ENDLESS LIFE (KJV)
His is a priesthood "by virtue of an indestructible Life (Wey),
His is the priesthood according to the energy of an indissoluble life (Min),
But with the power of an imperishable life (Con.),
But on the basis of a power flowing from a life that cannot end (Wms),
But by virtue of a life beyond the reach of death (Tcnt).
Hebrews tells us that Jesus was a Melchezedek priest. He made us a priest like Himself.
He gives us HIS priesthood and His power -- and that priesthood is after His endless life.
His preisthood was not derived from another man -- it's not Levitical.
His priesthood came from the LIFE OF GOD itself.
It's the power of the priesthood that arises out of the life that lives in Him.
RIGHT INTERNAL ALIGNMENT WITH GOD'S NATURE AND HIS TRUTH. God's ways RIGHT LIVING, BEING MORALLY RIGHT, RIGHTWISENESS, EQUITY, HEALTH,
bounty, true prosperity. BALANCE and PROSPERITY. "world in balance right relationships among all things in the created order of things. tsedeq, comes from a Semitic word which means to be straight, firm, steel-like, as
opposed to evil, To be just is to act according to one's inner being, having integrity of character. Arabic equivalent = MATURE The POWER and STRENTH OF Melchezedek IS TO REIGN as grown-up sons in RIGHTEOUSNESS and PEACE.
Dr. Kluane Spake